“What Was the First Book Printed in the Philippines?”

Vernon R. Totanes


Provides a brief overview of book history and determines the first book published in the Philippines. Briefly illustrates the stages of book life cycle: publication, manufacture, distribution, reception and survival. It analyzes the research made by Pardo de Tavera and Retana regarding the printing and existence of the Tagalog Doctrina and Shih-lu. Totanes concludes that "the Tagalog Doctrina and the Shih-lu were written by non-Filipinos, printed by non-Filipinos and were meant to be read by non-Filipinos."


Shih-lu; Doctrina Christiana;

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