Memorandum to Popular Democrats

Alexander R. Magno


This essay problematizes the success of the February insurrection and its implication to the Philippine political context. Particularly, the emergence of an expanded democratic space poses numerous, albeit dangerous possibilities. This essay sheds light on those possible trajectories, cautioning that the masses will remain powerless for as long as structural sources of social power remain intact and veiled by ruling class ideologies. It argues that a clear strategy of popular empowerment should guide present efforts at consolidating the organized basis of popular democracy.


popular democracy; democratic space; ruling class ideologies; masses; Philippine political context; social power

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