Fabrication of Organic Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells by Screenprinting

Candy C. Mercado, Alberto V. Amorsolo, Jr. V. Amorsolo, Jr.


An organic solar cell composed of Poly(2-methoxy-5-(2’-ethyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene (MEHPPV) and (6,6)-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester(PCBM) was fabricated by screenprinting. This study is part of a research to drive the cost of PV production down and enable widespread use of the sun’s energy. MEH-PPV, a conjugated polymer, becomes semiconducting upon photodoping and when in contact with PCBM, a fullerene derivative, a continuous photocurrent is obtained. Screenprinting was possible because of the ability of both MEH-PPV and PCBM to be processed from a solution of Chlorobenzene. Screenprinting experiments showed that solution has very thin viscosity and requires very high print speeds, 300 to 600 mm/s or more, for best film uniformity. Screenprinting process was also successfully applied to ITO etching and on glass substrates opening the way to the possibility of a fully screenprinted organic solar cell.

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