Examining Gender Economic Inequality in the Philippines

Evelyn P. Santiago


This paper looks into the nature and extent of women's participation in the economic sphere and how this participation has changed over time as the economy develops. The relative economic position of Filipino women as compared to men with respect to three aspects, namely: (a) labor force participation, (b) occupational attainment and (c) relative wage level is examined. The analysis of women's economic position as directly related to these three aspects provides some insights on the nature of gender inequality in terms of economic participation. The main question asked in this paper is whether or not economic growth has improved women's economic position.

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