A Review of Philippine Foreign Policy Under the Ramos Administration

Gina Rivas Pattugalan


President Fidel V. Ramos was welcomed into Malacañang amid dramatic political and rapid economic changes in the world and he was more than determined to keep up. The globalization of the means of production, labor, finance and services, and the increasing interdependence among economies gave Ramos his cue. Through foreign policy, Ramos embarked on what was called Development Diplomacy, diplomacy aimed at enabling the country to access new markets and attract investors and tourists alike. This resulted in numerous trade agreements and reportedly billions in new investments and economic assistance. Ramos, through his rigorous conduct of economic diplomacy, ensured greater foreign business confidence in the country and greater access to the international market. These made for a resurgent economic performance and reinvention of the country’s image in the international arena. In political and security matters, foreign policy stressed the importance of cooperation against non-conventional threats to security, such as migration and transnational crime. To maintain regional and domestic peace and order, the Ramos administration pursued bilateral and multilateral linkages, including a very controversial episode with the US and the Visiting Forces Agreement. However, Ramos efforts on international linkages did not prevent China from pursuing its claims on the disputed islands. But it would probably take more than diplomacy to keep China within its borders.


Fidel V. Ramos, Philippine Foreign Policy, Development Diplomacy

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