Appendix 5.9: Excerpts from “The Peace and Order Situation” by Fidel V. Ramos, 28 March 1980

Kasarinlan Philippine Journal of Third World Studies


This excerpt from a speech made by then Philippine Constabulary chief Fidel V. Ramos shows, unequivocally, that the country’s crime rate actually returned to pre-martial law levels well before the “lifting” of martial law in January 1981 (Ramos 1980, 241–46).

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