Trends and Patterns of Discrimination in Newspaper Job Advertisements in the Philippines from 1985 to 2015 and Other Prevailing Covert Forms of Pre-employment Discrimination

  • Vera EileenAleksandrov Ivan William L. Burcer SOLAIR UP Diliman
  • Virgel C. Binghay SOLAIR, UP Diliman


This descriptive and exploratory study looks into the discrimination trends and patterns in terms of the age, height, sex, and school affiliation requirements over the years by comparing job ads of 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2015. A total of 8,487 job ads were examined. Proportions of job ads were juxtaposed across 10 occupational groups. While results showed a decreasing trend over time for most occupational groups, discrimination, however, has not been completely eliminated. Select recruitment practitioners were engaged through in-depth interviews to uncover the prevailing covert hiring discriminatory practices. Pre-employment discrimination that remains apparent includes history of incarceration, disability, and presence of specific health conditions such as HIV/AIDS. The baseline information generated by the study is helpful in formulating and implementing more relevant policies and programs, both at the national and organizational levels, which will combat workplace discrimination and promote equal employment opportunity for all.

Author Biographies

Vera EileenAleksandrov Ivan William L. Burcer, SOLAIR UP Diliman
This article is an abridged version of the unpublished  Master of Industrial Relations thesis of Aleksandrov Ivan William L. Burcer entitled “Trends and Patterns of Discrimination in Recruitment in Job Ads from 1985 to 2015 and in Current Recruitment Practice in the Philippines,” School of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of the Philippines, under the supervision of Dr. Virgel C. Binghay
Virgel C. Binghay, SOLAIR, UP Diliman
Dr. Binghay is Professor and Director of the Center for Industry Productivity and Competitiveness at the School of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of the Philippines.