The Role of Temperature on Morphological Properties of Gallium Nanowires: A Kinetic Monte Carlo Study

  • Darwin B. Putungan UPLB
  • Mavin A. Albao National Energy Technology Laboratory


In this work, we investigated the effects of temperature on the morphological properties, specifically homogeneous to heterogeneous island ratio R and mean island size, of Ga one-dimensional nanowires through Kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations. Relevant simulation parameters and inputs were first calculated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods. The system was treated via an atomistic-lattice gas model which includes necessary atomistic processes. KMC implementation of the model was carried out to simulate the growth and evolution of Ga nanowires. The ratio R was found to increase as the temperature was increased, whereas the mean island size decreases for the same temperature trend. These observations were explained by taking note that the increase in thermal energy effected enhanced homogeneous nucleation, outnumbering heterogeneous islands, due to the increased frequency of adatom collisions. On the other hand, enhanced homogenous nucleation impacts the mean island size by favoring creation of new islands rather than making existing islands grow in length.

Author Biographies

Darwin B. Putungan, UPLB
Assistant Professor of Physics, Physics Division, Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Physics, University of the Philippines Los Banos
Mavin A. Albao, National Energy Technology Laboratory
ORISE Postdoctoral Fellow, National Energy Technology Laboratory, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15206


Density Functional Theory; Kinetic Monte Carlo; Self-assembly