A Study for the Development of New Compound Gasification Process of Waste Plastics and Sludge

M. Sadakata, S. Kato, T. Koya, T. Furusawa, D. Kunii

Abstract


A conventional gasification process of waste polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has a serious problem of producing a poisonous hydrogen chloride (HCI) which causes corrosion of a reactor wall or a heat exchanger. On the other hand, a gasification of a drainage sludge is sometimes meaningless since the calorific value of the produced gas is too low to be used as a gas fuel. In order to solve these problems, a new compound gasification process in which PVC and dry sludge are mixed and gasified together in the fluidized bed was proposed and tested by using a small scale fluidized bed. The important results were as follows:

1. Hydrogen chloride gas (HCI) from PVC was significantly removed by slaked lime in the sludge when mole ratio of slaked lime to HCI was 5:1 in the bed. A slaked lime is often added to the sludge as a flocculant in the desiccation process.

2.  A calorific value of produced gas from PVC was 6000 to 7000 Kcal/Nmᵌ whilst that from sludge was around 2000 Kcal/Nmᵌ without slaked lime and 4000 to 5000 Kcal/Nmᵌ with slaked lime in the gasification temperature between 600°C to 800°C.

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